Seminal figures in the areas of philosophy, literature, and political science like Dante, Machiavelli, and Boccaccio, for example, have influenced Western thought in these areas since the middle-ages. In the history of art, Italian achievement is unparalleled. The political structure and engineering feats of the ancient Romans allowed them to wield their influence over a vast swath of the globe. Likewise, Italian land use and systems of agriculture have produced one of the world’s most iconic cuisines - one that is truly remarkable in its regional diversity- and its wines are second to none.
The deep respect – and love - with which the Italian people regard their land and sea provide some of the greatest examples of sustainable agriculture in human history and still make Italy unique. In science, the achievements of Italians like Galileo are fundamental to the way we understand our world and the universe. All of these achievements combined with its rich history and one of the most beautiful of human languages make Italy one of the most visited countries in the world and its culture one of the most studied.